England is the most populated country in the United Kingdom at 53 million people. Most of England comprises the middle of the Great Britain island, and 500 smaller islands around it. The country also includes many islands around the country.
England originates from a Germanic tribe called the Angles, who were the first tribes to make up the country. Over the time, many more tribes lived in England until 43 AD, when the Romans annexed the Great Britain island into its empire. This resulted in Queen Boudicca of the Iceni tribe to start an uprising against the Romans across Britain. She succeedingly destroyed many Roman villas, including setting fire to the capital city of Roman Britain, Londinium. She was captured by the Romans yet escaped only for herself and her daughter to poison themselves rather then be held captive again.
In 410 AD, the Romans left the country, resulting in the inhabitants to fend for themselves. This led to a collapse in the country, and many tribes invaded the country. Later, the Anglo-Saxons were able to make it in the country until 792 AD, when the Vikings of Scandinavia invaded, before successfully gaining control of the country in 991 AD.
They in turn were defeated by the Normans from France in 1066, creating the country of England. Over the years, the country became more populated, and more bigger. The cramped conditions led to unsanitary problems, and many plague epidemics, due to rats scuttling all over the place. The conditions got worse until laws were passed to clean the towns in the 17th century. In the 15th century, England united with the country of Wales to form the first United Kingdom.
In 1556, English discoverers found many places across the world and annexed them, which started to create the British Empire. During the 18th century, many inventions and discoveries took place across England, which would then shape the later world. The new British Empire started to gain control of the world, making England a great power. In 1707, Scotland joined the United Kingdom as a way of making peace with England. In 1801, Ireland united as the fourth country to join the United Kingdom.
In the 19th century, new inventions created the Industrial Revolution, and many cities got overcrowded with people wanting to find work, led to more unsanitary conditions and cholera epidemics, which were proven to have been caused by bacterium in filthy water. The country still bloomed to own the biggest empire the world has ever seen.
At the end of World War I in 1918, the empire started to collapse, with few countries leaving the empire. In 1922, the empire was saved due to a budget cut in the government, and the empire reached its territorial peak that year. During World War II through 1939 to 1945, many cities and town across the United Kingdom were bombed by Nazi Germany, killing 43,000 people. At the end of World War II in 1945, this resulted in the entire empire to collapse.
The country today remains a great power, and has many ties with countries across the world. Due to its culture, England remains a popular country around the world.